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7th Grade Mitosis & Meiosis Test

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Most of the life of any cell is spent in a period of growth called ____.
a.
telophase
c.
prophase
b.
interphase
d.
anaphase
 

 2. 

Each human skin cell has ____ pairs of chromosomes.
a.
13
c.
18
b.
46
d.
23
 

 3. 

The gametes produced by meiosis are haploid. This helps to ensure that the zygote’s genes
a.
are exact replicas of the mother’s genes.
b.
are from both parents.
c.
are all alike.
d.
are haploid.
 

 4. 

Which of the following describes the fusing together of a sperm and an egg?
a.
prophase
b.
meiosis
c.
fertilization
d.
mitosis
 

 5. 

Identical twins have the same set of ____.
a.
organs
c.
cells
b.
genes
d.
tissues
 
 
nar002-1.jpg
Figure 4
 

 6. 

Refer to Figure 4. During this phase of mitosis, what is the name of the structure labeled A?
a.
chloroplast
b.
chromosome
c.
chromatid
d.
centromere
 

 7. 

A cell that has two of every kind of chromosome is _____.
a.
diploid
c.
an egg
b.
a sperm
d.
haploid
 

 8. 

mc008-1.jpg
Name the phase of Mitosis
a.
Interphase
c.
Prophase
b.
Telophase
d.
Anaphase
 

 9. 

In meiosis, the nucleus divides ____.
a.
four times
c.
twice
b.
once
d.
three times
 

 10. 

mc010-1.jpg
What part of the cell cycle is taking place here?
a.
Interphase
c.
Metaphase
b.
Cytokinesis
d.
Prophase
 

 11. 

An E. coli bacterium reproduces eight times by fission. The bacteria that results from the eighth division are
a.
all nucleated.
b.
all haploid.
c.
all eukaryotes.
d.
all identical.
 

 12. 

mc012-1.jpg
Name the Phase of Mitosis
a.
Interphase
c.
Metaphase
b.
Telophase
d.
Anaphase
 

 13. 

Heredity material passes from parent to offspring during ____.
a.
duplication of sperm
c.
DNA
b.
reproduction
d.
chromosomes
 
 
nar001-1.jpg
Figure 2
 

 14. 

Figure 2 shows five stages of meiosis. Arrange the diagrams in the correct order to show the process of meiosis.
a.
1, 2, 3, 4, and 5
b.
4, 2, 1, 5, and 3
c.
5, 3, 2, 4, and 1
d.
2, 5, 3, 1, and 4
 

 15. 

Anna was studying mitosis in the lab. She looked at three slides. Slide 1 showed a long cell that had two nuclei. Slide 2 showed a cell with paired chromosomes lined up at the center. Slide 3 showed a cell with coiled chromosomes that were not lined up. Which data table shows how she classified the slides?
a.
mc015-1.jpg
b.
mc015-2.jpg
c.
mc015-3.jpg
d.
mc015-4.jpg
 

 16. 

Asexual reproduction is common in ____.
a.
frogs
c.
bacteria
b.
fertilization
d.
mammals
 

 17. 

Mitosis results in ____ nuclei, each with ____ genetic information.
a.
four; different
c.
two; different
b.
two; the same
d.
four; the same
 

Matching
 
 
grp001-1.jpg
Figure 6

Figure 6 shows the life cycle of a cell. Match A, B, C, D, or E to the correct stage in questions 4–7. Not all letters are used.
a.
A
d.
D
b.
B
e.
E
c.
C
 

 18. 

interphase
 

 19. 

prophase
 
 
Distinguish between these terms by matching them to the phrases below:
a.
daughter cell
c.
prokaryote
b.
mitosis
d.
parent cell
 

 20. 

undergoes mitosis
 

 21. 

duplication of nucleus
 

 22. 

product of mitosis
 

 23. 

no membrane-bound organelles
 



 
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