Name: 
 

Cell Transport, Organization, Respiration & Photosynthesis Study Guide



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

____ transports materials within a cell and between cells.
a.
Fast
c.
Sugar
b.
Protein
d.
Water
 

 2. 

Plants and some bacteria make their own ____.
a.
cells
c.
life spans
b.
food
d.
places to live
 
 
nar001-1.jpg
Figure 5
 

 3. 

In Figure 5, which term goes in part A?
a.
Bacteria
c.
Nucleus
b.
Nucleolus
d.
Endoplasmic reticulum
 

 4. 

In Figure 5, which term goes in part B?
a.
Bacteria
c.
Nucleus
b.
Nucleolus
d.
Organelles
 

 5. 

In Figure 5, which term goes in part C?
a.
Bacteria
c.
Nucleus with hereditary materials
b.
Nucleolus
d.
Organelles
 

 6. 

The process that releases energy without using oxygen is ____.
a.
photosynthesis
c.
osmosis
b.
respiration
d.
fermentation
 

 7. 

An organelle responsible for making energy in the cell is the ____.
a.
nucleus
c.
mitochondria
b.
DNA
d.
cytoplasm
 
 
nar002-1.jpg
Figure 6
 

 8. 

The graph in Figure 6 shows how much energy is used by four kinds of cells. Which kind of cell probably contains the fewest mitochondria?
a.
A
c.
C
b.
B
d.
D
 

 9. 

The graph in Figure 6 shows how much energy is used by four kinds of cells. The B cells are most likely to be of which type?
a.
Blood
c.
Skin
b.
Bone
d.
Muscle
 

 10. 

What will happen first if a plant cell’s mitochondria are removed?
a.
The cell will not be able to photosynthesize food.
b.
The cell will not be able to assemble protein molecules.
c.
The cell will not be able to use sugar for energy.
d.
The cell will not be able to remove waste materials.
 

 11. 

What will happen first if a plant cell’s chloroplasts are removed?
a.
The cell will not be able to photosynthesize food.
b.
The cell will not be able to assemble protein molecules.
c.
The cell will not be able to use sugar for energy.
d.
The cell will not be able to remove waste materials.
 

 12. 

What will happen first if a plant cell’s ribosomes are removed?
a.
The cell will not be able to photosynthesize food.
b.
The cell will not be able to assemble protein molecules.
c.
The cell will not be able to use sugar for energy.
d.
The cell will not be able to remove waste materials.
 

 13. 

A group of specialized cells first forms a(n) ____.
a.
tissue
c.
system
b.
cell
d.
organ
 

 14. 

A group of similar cells working together to do the same sort of work are ____.
a.
tissues
c.
organ systems
b.
organs
d.
cells
 

 15. 

A group of organs working together to do a job is a(n) _____.
a.
organ system
c.
organ
b.
tissue
d.
organism
 

 16. 

Groups of similar cells that do the same sort of work are _____.
a.
organs
c.
tissues
b.
organ systems
d.
organelles
 

 17. 

Materials enter and leave the nucleus through the _____.
a.
organelles
c.
nuclear membrane
b.
DNA
d.
chromatin
 

 18. 

Which of the following is NOT a producer?
a.
pine tree
c.
grass
b.
tulip
d.
honeybee
 

 19. 

Substances too large to pass through the cell membrane enter the cell in a process called _____.
a.
endocytosis
c.
exocytosis
b.
passive transport
d.
active transport
 

 20. 

Active transport occurs when _____ is used to move substances through a membrane.
a.
osmosis
c.
diffusion
b.
energy
d.
plasmolysis
 

 21. 

The passive transport of water through a membrane is _____.
a.
osmosis
c.
equilibrium
b.
plasmolysis
d.
active transport
 

 22. 

Which of these is selectively permeable?
a.
door
c.
wall
b.
window screen
d.
mirror
 

 23. 

During periods of strenuous activity, muscle cells run low on _____.
a.
oxygen
c.
carbon dioxide
b.
glucose
d.
lactic acid
 

 24. 

The process that releases energy without using oxygen is _____.
a.
photosynthesis
c.
osmosis
b.
respiration
d.
fermentation
 
 
nar003-1.jpg
      Figure 1
 

 25. 

Diagram A in Figure 1 is an example of _____.
a.
diffusion
c.
osmosis
b.
active transport
d.
equilibrium
 

 26. 

Diagram B in Figure 1 is an example of _____.
a.
exocytosis
c.
osmosis
b.
active transport
d.
equilibrium
 

 27. 

Diagram C in Figure 1 is an example of _____.
a.
diffusion
c.
osmosis
b.
active transport
d.
equilibrium
 

 28. 

Diagram D in Figure 1 is an example of _____.
a.
exocytosis
c.
osmosis
b.
active transport
d.
equilibrium
 

 29. 

Diagram E in Figure 1 is an example of _____.
a.
diffusion
c.
osmosis
b.
exocytosis
d.
equilibrium
 

 30. 

Diagram F in Figure 1 is an example of _____.
a.
diffusion
c.
osmosis
b.
active transport
d.
equilibrium
 

 31. 

Which diagram(s) in Figure 1 show processes that require energy?
a.
none
c.
structures D and F
b.
all
d.
structures C and E
 

 32. 

Water moves into a cell placed in a(n) _____ solution.
a.
osmotic
c.
hypotonic
b.
hypertonic
d.
isotonic
 

 33. 

Water moves out of a cell if the cell is placed in a(n) _____ solution.
a.
hypertonic
c.
hypotonic
b.
isotonic
d.
passive
 

 34. 

If cells are placed in a strong sugar solution, water will _____.
a.
pass from the sugar solution to the cells
b.
pass from the cells to the sugar solution
c.
stay in the cell
d.
pass back and forth
 

 35. 

A cell moves particles from a region of lesser concentration to a region of greater concentration by _____.
a.
facilitated diffusion
c.
osmosis
b.
passive transport
d.
active transport
 

 36. 

If a cell is placed in salt water, water leaves the cell by _____.
a.
osmosis
c.
active transport
b.
diffusion
d.
phagocytosis
 

 37. 

Which of the following is not a form of passive transport?
a.
facilitated diffusion
c.
facilitated diffusion
b.
endocytosis
d.
osmosis
 

 38. 

Which conditions shown in Figure 8-4 might cause a cell to burst?
mc038-1.jpg
Figure 8-4
a.
A
c.
C
b.
B
d.
D
 

 39. 

What cell process is responsible for the effect shown in Figure 8-5?
mc039-1.jpg
Figure 8-5
a.
active transport
c.
facilitated diffusion
b.
passive transport
d.
osmosis
 

 40. 

Energy from sunlight is trapped by chlorophyll located in the _____.
a.
citric acid cycle
c.
electron transport chain
b.
mitochondria
d.
thylakoid membranes
 

 41. 

Chlorophyll traps _____ from sunlight.
a.
oxygen
c.
hydrogen
b.
energy
d.
glucose
 

 42. 

A green pigment that traps energy from sunlight is _____.
a.
carotenoid
c.
chlorophyll
b.
ATP
d.
thylakoid membranes
 

 43. 

Organisms need a way of storing energy because _____.
a.
a cell can't always immediately use all the energy it gets
b.
an organism often has times when no energy is used
c.
a cell can release only stored energy
d.
a cell cannot create energy and must get it from elsewhere in the organism
 

 44. 

In glycolysis, _____ molecules of ATP are used in the first step, and _____ molecules of ATP are produced in the second step.
a.
four, two
c.
two, two
b.
two, four
d.
four, four
 

 45. 

Which of the following equations best represents photosynthesis?
a.
C + O2 + H2O CO2 + HOH
c.
6C + 6H2O C6H12O6
b.
6CO2 + 6H2O C6H12O6 + 6O2
d.
C6H12O6 6CO2 + 6H2O
 



 
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