Name: 
 

Organic Chemistry Study Guide



Multiple Choice (1 pt. ea.)
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 
 
nar001-1.jpg
Figure 2
 

 1. 

Refer to Figure 2. Which term could be used to describe this molecule?
a.
polar
c.
magnetic
b.
non-polar
d.
non-magnetic
 

 2. 

Figure 2 shows a molecule. What elements are in this molecule?
a.
carbon and sulfur
c.
phosphorus and oxygen
b.
hydrogen and nitrogen
d.
oxygen and hydrogen
 

 3. 

Which of these molecules contains an element that is not one of the six major elements that make up living matter?
a.
C6H12O6
c.
CCl4
b.
CH4
d.
H2SO4
 
 
nar002-1.jpg
Figure 5
 

 4. 

Figure 5 shows a model of a methane molecule. What is the chemical formula for this molecule?
a.
CH4
c.
C4H
b.
CH3
d.
C3H
 

 5. 

Figure 5 shows a model of a methane molecule. Which does each line in the diagram represent?
a.
sharing of a pair of electrons
c.
both of these
b.
a double bond
d.
neither of these
 

 6. 

Which of the following biomolecules is a part of the nitrogen cycle?
a.
proteins
c.
lipids
b.
carbohydrates
d.
starch
 

 7. 

Almost all of the mass of a living thing consists of water and organic compounds. Which of the following is the inorganic source of the carbon in the organic compounds.
a.
sugars
c.
carbon dioxide
b.
water
d.
nitrates
 

Yes/No
Indicate whether or not you agree with the sentence or statement.
 
 
nar003-1.jpg
Figure 6
 

 8. 

Analyze the structure in Figure 6. Is the structure drawn correctly?
 
 
nar004-1.jpg
Figure 7
 

 9. 

Analyze the structure in Figure 7. Is the structure drawn correctly?
 
 
nar005-1.jpg
Figure 11
 

 10. 

Analyze Figure 11. Is the structure shown a polymer?
 
 
nar006-1.jpg
Figure 13
 

 11. 

Analyze Figure 13. Is the structure shown a polymer?
 
 
nar007-1.jpg
Figure 14
 

 12. 

Analyze Figure 14. Is the structure shown a polymer?
 
 
nar008-1.jpg
Figure 15
 

 13. 

Analyze Figure 15. Is the structure shown a polymer?
 
 
nar009-1.jpg
Figure 16
 

 14. 

Analyze the structure in Figure 16. Is the structure is drawn correctly?
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

 15. 

____________________ matter is more than 90 percent carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen.
 

 

 16. 

Scientists are looking for life primarily on other planets that have ____________________.
 

 

 17. 

A molecule that has a positive end and a negative end is said to be ____________________.
 

 

 18. 

Hydrocarbons are organic compounds that contain only carbon and ____________________.
 

 

 19. 

Propanol is an alcohol made of molecules that contain ____________________ carbon atoms.
 

 

 20. 

The most common substance in any animal’s body is ____________________.
 

 

 21. 

Burning of fuels is one way that ____________________ is released into the atmosphere.
 

 

 22. 

Pentane and cyclopentane are examples of molecules called ____________________.
 

 

Matching  (1 pt. ea.)
 
 
Match the following terms with the correct description. Each terms is used once.
a.
biomolecule
e.
organic compounds
b.
inorganic molecule
f.
hydrocarbon
c.
functional group
g.
saturated
d.
isomers
h.
unsaturated
 

 23. 

a molecule that does not contain carbon atoms bonded to hydrogen atoms
 

 24. 

refers to a hydrocarbon that contains only single covalent bonds between carbon atoms
 

 25. 

a group of atoms that bonds to carbon atoms in organic compounds
 

 26. 

a large, organic molecule found in living things
 

 27. 

compounds based on carbon atoms bonded to each other or to hydrogen atoms
 

 28. 

compounds with the same chemical formula but a different structural formulas
 

 29. 

refers to a hydrocarbon that contains one or more double or triple bonds between two carbon atoms
 

 30. 

compounds that contain only carbon and hydrogen
 
 
Match the following terms with the correct examples of those terms. Each term is used once.
a.
carbohydrates
b.
lipids
c.
amino acids
d.
nucleic acids
e.
proteins
f.
biomass
 

 31. 

DNA and RNA
 

 32. 

glycine and alanine
 

 33. 

plants and animals
 

 34. 

strands of cellulose
 

 35. 

bacon fat and olive oil
 

 36. 

chains of amino acids
 
 
Match these names with the correct molecules. Each term is used once.
a.
propamine
d.
propane
b.
butanoic acid
e.
methanoic acid
c.
methanol
f.
butamine
 

 37. 

CH3--CH2--CH3
 

 38. 

NH2--CH2--CH2--CH2--CH3
 

 39. 

CH3--CH2--CH2--NH2
 

 40. 

CH3--OH
 

 41. 

HCOOH
 

 42. 

CH3--CH2--CH2--COOH
 



 
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