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Periodic Table Study Guide



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

In general, nonmetals are ____.
a.
good conductors of electricity
c.
good conductors of heat
b.
malleable and ductile
d.
gases at room temperature
 

 2. 

In general, metals are ____.
a.
poor conductors of heat
c.
poor conductors of electricity
b.
brittle
d.
good conductors of heat
 

 3. 

In the modern periodic table, elements are arranged according to increasing ____.
a.
atomic number
c.
date of discovery
b.
atomic mass
d.
electrical conductivity
 

 4. 

What is the name of the elements in Group 2 of the periodic table?
a.
halogens
c.
boron family
b.
alkali metals
d.
alkaline earth metals
 

 5. 

Elements in Groups 3 through 12 of the periodic table are called ____.
a.
transition elements
c.
halogens
b.
representative elements
d.
noble gases
 

 6. 

The measurement of an object's mass is a ____.
a.
physical change
c.
chemical change
b.
physical property
d.
chemical property
 
 
nar001-1.jpg
Figure 1
 

 7. 

In Figure 1, the periodic table has been divided into three areas. Which kind of elements are found in the area labeled I?
a.
halogens
c.
nonmetals
b.
metals
d.
solids
 
 
nar002-1.jpg
Figure 2
 

 8. 

A specific part of the periodic table is shaded in Figure 2. Which term describes this part of the periodic table?
a.
column
c.
period
b.
group
d.
row
 
 
nar003-1.jpg
Figure 3
 

 9. 

A specific part of the periodic table is shaded in Figure 3. Which term describes this part of the periodic table?
a.
row
c.
period
b.
group
d.
series
 
 
nar004-1.jpg
Figure 4
 

 10. 

A specific part of the periodic table is shaded in Figure 4. Which of the following is the general name for these elements?
a.
actinides
c.
rare earths
b.
halogens
d.
noble gases
 
 
nar005-1.jpg
Figure 5
 

 11. 

A specific part of the periodic table is shaded in Figure 5. Which of the following is the general name for these elements?
a.
actinides
c.
rare earths
b.
halogens
d.
noble gases
 

 12. 

When Mendeleev published his periodic table, there were some spaces for undiscovered elements. Figure 1 is a section of a similar table. A reasonable value for the atomic mass of the missing element is _____.

mc012-1.jpg
      FIGURE 1
a.
101
c.
68.2
b.
72.3
d.
34.8
 

 13. 

When Mendeleev made his arrangement of the elements in a table, he found that elements of _____ fell into groups on the table.
a.
the same mass
c.
similar properties
b.
similar size
d.
the same color
 

 14. 

Every element has its own atomic number. This number is the number of _____ in the nucleus of an atom of the element.
a.
electrons
c.
positrons
b.
neutrons
d.
protons
 

 15. 

A chemical symbol represents the _____ of an element.
a.
group
c.
type
b.
period
d.
name
 

 16. 

What is the name of the elements in Group 2 of the periodic table?
a.
halogens
c.
boron family
b.
alkali metals
d.
alkaline earth metals
 

 17. 

All of the following elements are used as semiconductors in electronic equipment EXCEPT _____.
a.
silicon
c.
copper
b.
gallium
d.
indium
 

 18. 

A major difference between the two rows of inner transition elements is that the lanthanides _____.
a.
are radioactive and the actinides are not
b.
occur in nature while most of the actinides are synthetic
c.
are gases at room temperature and the actinides are solids
d.
have no uses while the actinides have many
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct description below.
a.
synthetic elements
c.
periodic table
b.
krypton and xenon
d.
metal
 

 19. 

any malleable element that is a good conductor of electricity
 

 20. 

do not occur naturally
 

 21. 

noble gases
 

 22. 

an organization of elements by the number of protons in each
 
 
Using a periodic table, place each of the following elements in one of the following categories.
a.
metal
c.
semimetal
b.
nonmetal
d.
noble gas
 

 23. 

Es, einsteinium, 99
 

 24. 

B, boron, 5
 

 25. 

I, iodine, 53
 

 26. 

Rn, radon, 86
 

 27. 

W, tungsten, 74
 

 28. 

Ge, germanium, 32
 

 29. 

C, carbon, 6
 

 30. 

Rh, rhodium, 45
 

 31. 

Eu, europium, 63
 

 32. 

Na, sodium, 11
 

 33. 

Ba, barium, 56
 

 34. 

Ne, neon, 10
 
 
Match each item with the best description below.
a.
metalloid
f.
alkali metals
b.
actinide
g.
krypton and xenon
c.
periodic table
h.
halogens
d.
metal
i.
Mendeleev
e.
representative elements
j.
Moseley
 

 35. 

any malleable element that is a good conductor of electricity
 

 36. 

a lustrous element that is a poor conductor of electricity
 

 37. 

physicist who organized the modern periodic table by atomic number
 

 38. 

an organization of elements by the number of protons in each
 

 39. 

active metals
 

 40. 

chemist who arranged elements by atomic mass
 

 41. 

noble gases
 



 
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